This page contains links to articles on other sites and to academic and scientific papers.
Links to articles on History of transgender
Endres, Nikolai. Galli: Ancient Roman Priests. 2005. http://www.glbtqarchive.com/ssh/galli_S.pdf
Links to articles on Islam
Article on the difficulty of reforming Islam. https://www.academia.edu/25303917/Reforming_Islam_Challenges_and_Prospects
Why the Islamic World Turned Away from Science, by Hillel Ofek. Pub. The New Atlantis. http://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/why-the-arabic-world-turned-away-from-science
Sex, Gender and Sexuality
Links to Full Books, download for free
Bailey, Dr J M. The Man Who Would Be Queen. http://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/JMichael-Bailey/TMWWBQ.pdf
Excellent primer explaining Blanchard’s Typology of Transsexualism. Review HERE.
Ellis, H. Havelock. Studies in the Psychology of Sex. Volumes 1-6 (Project Gutenberg, multiple file formats.)
Stryker, S., Whittle, S., (Eds) The Transgender Studies Reader https://forlackofsomegoodwriting.files.wordpress.com/2013/12/susan-stryker-and-stephen-whittle-eds-the-transgender-studies-reader.pdf
Collected essays. While biased towards a Humanities-based approach and lacking sufficient scientific input, still a useful read.
Raymond, J. The Transsexual Empire. https://autogynephiliatruth.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/the-transsexual-empire.pdf
Raymond’s provocative critique of transsexualism. This has been the foundation of much feminist criticism of transsexuals. Review to follow.
Links to Peer-reviewed papers.
Alexander, Hines. Sex differences in response to children’s toys in nonhuman primates. 2002. http://www.ehbonline.org/article/S1090-5138(02)00107-1/pdf
Auer M K. Transgender Transitioning and Change of Self-Reported Sexual Orientation. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4192544/
Bentler, P. A typology of transsexualism: Gender identity theory and data. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/22145678_A_typology_of_transsexualism_Gender_identity_theory_and_data
This paper pre-dates Blanchard and in it the authors describe three types of transsexual: homosexual, asexual and heterosexual. Blanchard was able to reconcile the two latter groups into one, autogynephilic.
Blanchard, R, The Concept of Autogynephilia and the Typology of Male Gender Dysphoria. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/20361233_The_Concept_of_Autogynephilia_and_the_Typology_of_Male_Gender_Dysphoria
This is paper sets out the basis of Blanchard’s typology. The appendix contains his questionnaires. One of the most important sentences in it is this:
‘the central prediction of the present study, namely, that autogynephilic behavior will be reported more frequently by non-homosexual than by homosexual gender dysphorics.’ (My emphasis.)
It has been the consistent attempt of Western autogynephilic activists to attack Blanchard for making what they call ‘generalisations’. That is a straw man. Blanchard, in all his papers, is careful not to go beyond the science. This is demonstrated here. Unfortunately, too many people with a Humanities background, and who do not understand that science is about finding reasonable explanations for observed phenomena, think that their philosophical contentions are somehow worthwhile.
Blanchard, R. A History of Autogynephilia (pdf) Blanchard- History of Autogynephilia
Blanchard, R. Typology of male-to-female transsexualism http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01542107
Blanchard, R. The classification and labeling of nonhomosexual gender dysphorias http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01541951
Blanchard R, Collins PI., “Men with sexual interest in transvestites, transsexuals, and she-males”
Blanchard R., “The she-male phenomenon and the concept of partial autogynephilia”
Blanchard R,et al. Comparison of height and weight in homosexual versus nonhomosexual male gender dysphorics. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01541833
Del Giudice, M. Joel et al.’s method systematically fails to detect large, consistent sex differences (in human brains.) 2016. (Letter) http://www.pnas.org/content/113/14/E1965.full.pdf
Freund, K. et al. Two types of cross-gender identity http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01541365
Green et al. Specific cross-gender behaviour in boyhood and later homosexual orientation. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3676630
Guillamon, A, et al. A Review of the Status of Brain Structure Research in Transsexualism http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10508-016-0768-5
Hare et al. Androgen receptor repeat length polymorphism associated with male-to-female transsexualism.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18962445
Looks at possible genetic causes for MtF transsexualism. Does not control for HSTS/AGP difference, so is problematic. However, if its findings refer to HSTS, then it would be consistent with Blanchard.
Hsu, Rosenthal, Miller and Bailey, “Who are gynandromorphophilic men? Characterizing men with sexual interest in transgender women”
Lagos et al. Regional Grey Matter Structure Differences between Transsexuals and Healthy Controls—A Voxel Based Morphometry Study. 2013. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0083947
Lawrence,A. Autogynephilia: A Paraphilic Model of Gender Identity Disorder.http://www.annelawrence.com/autogynephilia,_a_paraphilic_model_of_GID.pdf
Lawrence, A. Further Validation of Blanchard’s Typology: A Reply to Nuttbrock, Bockting, Rosenblum, Mason, and Hwahng (2010) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/50196878_Further_Validation_of_Blanchard’s_Typology_A_Reply_to_Nuttbrock_Bockting_Rosenblum_Mason_and_Hwahng_2010
Li et al. Childhood Gender-Typed Behavior and Adolescent Sexual Orientation: A Longitudinal Population-Based Study. 2016. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/bitstream/handle/1810/262671/Li_et_al-2017-Developmental_Psychology-AM.pdf
Moser, C. Blanchard’s Autogynephilia Theory: A Critique http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00918369.2010.486241
Nuttbrock et al. A Further Assessment of Blanchard’s Typology of Homosexual Versus Non-Homosexual or Autogynephilic Gender Dysphoria. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2894986/
Paul, JP. Childhood cross-gender behavior and adult homosexuality: the resurgence of biological models of sexuality. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8505540
Rieger et al. Sexual Arousal and Masculinity-Femininity of Women http://www.researchgate.net/publication/283260585_Sexual_Arousal_and_Masculinity-Femininity_of_Women
Ruigrok, A et al. A meta-analysis of sex differences in human brain structure. 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0149763413003011
Sexton, L et al Where the Margins Meet: A Demographic Assessment of Transgender Inmates in Male Prisons http://ucicorrections.seweb.uci.edu/files/2013/06/A-Demographic-Assessment-of-Transgender-Inmates-in-Mens-Prisons.pdf
Smenenyna, S et al. The Relationship between Adult Occupational Preferences and Childhood Gender Nonconformity among Samoan Women, Men, and Fa’afafine. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301551770_The_Relationship_between_Adult_Occupational_Preferences_and_Childhood_Gender_Nonconformity_among_Samoan_Women_Men_and_Fa’afafine
Todd, B K et al. ‘Preferences for ‘Gender-typed’ Toys in Boys and Girls Aged 9 to 32 Months.’ 2016 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/icd.1986/abstract
Veale, Clarke and Lomax, “Sexuality of Male-to-Female Transsexuals”
Winter S, Udomsak N (2002) Male, Female and Transgender : Stereotypes and Self in Thailand. http://www.transgenderasia.org/paper_male_female.htm
Winter S. Gender Stereotype and Self among Transgenders: Underlying Elements. http://www.transgenderasia.org/paper_gender_stereotype.htm
Winter S. Language and Identity in Transgender. http://www.transgenderasia.org/paper-languageandidentity.pdf
Winter S and King M. Well and Truly Fucked: Transwomen, Stigma, Sex Work and Sexual Health. http://www.transgenderasia.org/paper-wellandtruly.pdf
Winter, S. Transpeople (Khom Kham Phet) in Thailand. http://www.transgenderasia.org/paper-khonkhamphet.pdf
Zucker, K. et al. Physical attractiveness of boys with gender identity disorder http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01552910
Links to Non Peer-reviewed articles by reliable authors
Costello, CG. On Trans Gender Identity and the “Intersex Brain” http://trans-fusion.blogspot.fr/2012/08/on-trans-gender-identity-and-intersex.html
A man of intersex history takes a look at some of the more controversial strategies of trans activists.
Links to Theses and Dissertations.
Akhter, S. Visual Attention to Erotic Stimuli in Androphilic Male-to-Female Transsexuals. (PhD Thesis, approved.) http://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2402&context=thesesdissertations
Interesting to note the similarities here in responses, between ‘androphilic’ (homosexual or HSTS) transsexuals and heterosexual men, albeit to the opposite sex. Probably because MtF transsexuals are not women; they are men, inverted.
Links to Non-linked references (buy the book!)
Hirschfeld M. Die Transvestiten. Berlin, Germany: Alfred Pulver Macher; 1910
Links hosted on other sites:
The following links can be accessed through the University of Calgary’s web site:
Contents of the UCC archive: University-of-Calgary
If you would like to discuss any of the above or if you have a link to add that is relevant, please contact me using the form below.
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